Ales are some of the oldest types of beer and tend to feature a full-bodied, sweet taste with fruity flavors and aromas, due to the esters produced by the process. Ales are brewed using warm fermentation, over 15 °C (59 °F). The natural fermentation processes cause the batch to foam at the surface, creating barm. This distinct feature caused beers obtained this way to be called top-fermenting.
Pale ale is a variety of ale brewed with pale malts.
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