Pioneer Scout Badge Exam answers

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The following page contains answers for the terminal quizzes for The Order of the Tadpole quest. Each exam has 5 multiple choice questions, but there are more than 5 questions for each group. Players receive 5 random questions out of a pool of 20 per category.

If an answer is incorrect, consult Pioneer Scout Camp terminals and place the correct one.

Tadpole Exams

Archer

Alice is taking aim at her target when she notices her rival Annie retrieving arrows from the target in the next lane. What should Alice do?
Aim the bow downward and slowly release tension on the bowstring
An arrow is made of four parts - which is NOT one of them?
Shell
Bows and arrows have been used for a long time! Around when do researchers say the first bows and arrows were created?
64,000 years ago
Commies have invaded! Alex is a champion archer and wants to defend his country. What type of arrows should Alex use to penetrate the thick armor of the communist swine?
Bodkin Point
Gene practices shooting his crossbow every day after work to prepare himself for the looming red menace. Gene is a(n)...
Arbalist
It's the last shot in a tournament. You pull the bowstring back, breathe steadily, focus, and release. You hear the crowd roar as they see the bullseye you just hit! How many points did you score?
10
Lisa studies and practices archery regularly. She talks about archery all the time and is honestly kind of annoying about it. Lisa is a(n)...
Toxophilite
Only one person is truly responsible for your safety and the safety of others while on the range. Who is it?
You
Richie is on the range and has finished shooting all of his arrows. What should he do now?
Wait for the all-clear signal from the supervising Mr. Handy
Robbie is planning a bow-hunting trip to Seneca Rocks with his dad where they'll be hunting white-tailed deer. What type of arrowheads should they bring with them?
Broadhead Point
The ballista was invented thousands of years ago in a Greek town called Syracuse. It is essentially a large version of what type of bow?
Crossbow
While on the shooting line you hear the Mr. Handy instructor sound a whistle blow three times. How should you react?
Walk forward and retrieve your arrows
You overhear a camp counselor bragging that they shot an arrow 320 per second. What type of unit were they most likely using to determine arrow speed?
FPS (Feet Per Second)
You spot Billy at the end of the range with an apple on his head while Danny takes aim. What advice do you give?
None of the above
You're at an archery tournament when you see your favorite archer telescoping an arrow - wow! How do you describe this feat to your best friend?
He shot an arrow which hit another arrow, splitting it down the middle!
You're competing in an archery tournament at Camp Lewis. On the final shot, you land an arrow on the inner red ring - so close! How many points was this shot worth?
8
You're crafting a crossbow at a nearby weapons workbench - which component will you NOT need for this project?
Compressor
You're excited for your first big trip to the archery range at Camp Adams - hurray! One problem - you have a handful of sharp arrows. What type of bag should you carry the arrows in?
Quiver
You're hiking through the woods when you spot your weird neighbor Jimmy blindly firing arrows into the sky. What should you do?
Find the nearest overhead cover and demand Jimmy lay down his bow
Your best friend Johnny's dad spends his weekends crafting and selling bows. You've been saving your allowance for months to purchase a bow from such a gifted...
Bowyer


Athlete

Alfonso is interested in football. He's a tall natural leader with a strong arm, and he knows every play in the book. What position would be best for Alfonso?
Quarterback
As a cross country runner, you might be called a "harrier". What is a harrier?
A dog
Barry is a strong baseball player who hits lots of home runs. What's the highest number of runs Barry can score on a single home run?
4
Before a friendly kickball match, Samuel offers you a suspicious looking pill that you think may be Buffout. How do you respond?
Refuse and report him to the Scoutmaster
Brendan is a fast runner. Really fast! He might even run in the Olympics someday. Which sprinting event should he NOT train for if he wants to run an Olympic event?
10000 meter dash
Hannah is training for a pentathlon, an event used to prepare athletes for the rigors of warfare. How many sports will she need to train for in order to compete?
5
James wants to join the Army and fight the Reds, but he's out of shape. Eventually, he'll have to pass the Army's physical fitness test, which could be hard for him. Which of the following does he NOT he have to worry about being in the test?
Pull-ups
Like to throw things? Who doesn't! In fact, there's probably a sport for throwing your favorite object. Which of these is thrown for sport?
Javelin
Mark's favorite athletic event is wrestling. He idolizes famous wrestlers and wants to wrestle just like them. Which of these US Presidents has a reputation as a wrestler?
Abraham Lincoln
Most athletes bulk up by lifting weights, but weightlifting itself is a competition as well! Only a few lifts are used in Olympic weightlifting, however. Which of these lifts is no longer used?
The clean and jerk
Ricky loves riding his bicycle. He rides so much, he could probably compete in a Grand Tour! But there are a lot of stages to each Grand Tour event. How many?
21
Susie is taking part in a long jump competition. She takes a running start, but stumbles at the last minute and only makes it three feet! How embarrassing, when the longest long jumpers can jump how far?
29 feet
The "shot put" event uses a heavy sphere called a "shot". What do you do to the "shot" in this event?
Put it
You're competing in a track and field race and have lined up at the starting line. An official will signal to begin. How does he do this?
Firing a starting gun
You're entering a marathon for charity and are set to run on the streets of Charleston. How far will you be running?
26.219 miles
You're going rock climbing with Mary, when she slips and begins to fall! Luckily, she's brought to a stop by a device attached to her rope. What is this device called?
A belay device
You're on first base in a baseball game and decide to steal second base. How far do you have to run to get there?
90 feet
You're playing ice hockey, and after checking a star player into the boards you're approached by a menacing figure who picks a fight with you. What is the name of this person's unofficial role on a hockey team?
Enforcer
You're training for a marathon, and decide to push yourself to see how long you can run. Despite your best efforts, you can only go so far. What substance builds up in your muscles and causes this?
Lactic acid
You've been running laps around the Charleston capital building for exercise and have noticed that after running long enough you start to feel really good. What is this sensation called?
Runner's high


Codebreaker

Alfonso is having trouble figuring out a commie passcode and has decided to try brute-forcing a solution. How does he go about this?
Computing all possible solutions sequentially
All computers operate using something called binary code. How many digits are used in binary?
2
Brendan sent an encrypted message to a foreign national, but you were able to decrypt it because it had "known plaintext". What is "plaintext"?
Unencrypted information
"for(int i = 1; i > 10; i++)" The condition in your code is flawed and the loop will not count from 1 to 10. How do you fix it?
i <= 10 (Note: the answer is presented as "i " follow by blank space due to a visual bug, as of writing)
Hannah is sending you juicy gossip using symmetric-key cryptography. To decrypt her secret message, what do you BOTH need?
The same key
How did the dirty Nazis encode their messages during World War II?
Enigma machines
How might "APPALACHIA" be read when encoded with a Caesar cipher?
XII LC QEB XYLSB
Samuel is upset at Mary. Samuel orders his Mr. Handy to hit Mary! His Mr. Handy won't obey. Why?
It violates the Mr. Handy's programming
Susie wants to sign her name for a deaf friend using American Sign Language. What sign should she make first?
A closed fist with thumb over middle finger
Which Founding Father invented a disk cipher later used by the US Army?
Thomas Jefferson
Which cipher, named for a French diplomat, was used by the Confederacy during the Civil War?
The Vigenere cipher
Which mythical device gave its name to this infamous kind of computer virus?
The Trojan Horse
Which of these big words means "solving coded communications"?
Cryptanalysis
Which of these patriotic languages did our fine fighting men use as an unbreakable code during World War II?
Navajo
You need to send a coded warning to Washington D.C. using a "Templar cipher". What shape will you use in your cipher?
A cross
You suspect Samuel is a commie. His favorite subject is history, and he uses four numbers for his terminal password. What historical year might his password be?
1917
You want to record an encoded holotape with information on potential traitors to send to Mary through your terminal. What kind of software encodes the holotape?
A codec
You're lost in the woods and need to use Morse code to signal other scouts for help. Which signal do you send?
... - - - . . .
You're operating your shortwave radio and come across a strange broadcast. After listening for a while, you realize it's commie propaganda! What do you do?
Report it to the authorities immediately!
Your Mr. Handy is a master codebreaker, much better than the first codebreaking computers. What were those old junk heaps called?
Colossi
Your data is only as secure as its weakest link! And what would that be?
You


Cook

"A watched pot never..."
b. boils
Alfred wants to bring his famous Cranberry Jam to Thanksgiving dinner. What ingredients will he need?
c. Cranberries, Carrot Flower, Sugar, Water
Browning meat on a pan is an example of what kind of chemical reaction?
a. Maillard Reaction
Carlos adds a pinch of salt to his water before boiling it. What effect does this have on the water?
a. Increases the boiling point of the water
Coating moist food with a dry ingredient like flour or breadcrumbs before cooking it is known as what?
b. Dredging
It's time to dice vegetables! What's the safest practice?
Hold with your fingers clenched inward
Jackie wants to cook the perfect spaghetti, but wants to know when to test if the noodles are done. What should you suggest?
Use a spoon to fish out one noodle for taste test
Mary asked you to bring sweetbread to the big party. Wait... what is sweetbread?
d. The thymus gland of an animal
Molly wants to make steak tartare. How long will she have to cook the steak?
d. Serve it raw
Now for a special sponsored question from CRAM, "When in doubt, just go with..."
CRAM!
Ruby won't stop talking about her double boiler. What is she able to use it for?
d. All of the above
Sauerkraut, pickles, beer, and yogurt are all products of what process?
d. Fermentation
Sheila is cooking with grease when suddenly, the pan catches fire! What should she do?
c. Place the lid back on the pan and wait for the fire to run out of oxygen
Vince wants to impress his new lady friend by cooking her a chicken dinner. What should the internal temperature of the chicken be to ensure he doesn't kill her?
b0. 165 degrees
What is the name of the red liquid that pours our of a steak after cutting it?
b. Myoglobin
What type of objects should NOT be placed into fondue?
Hands
You find a recipe for baking bread; water, salt, flour, and something unreadable. What's the fourth ingredient?
a. Yeast
You see your pal Mike start to eat a piece of raw burger. You stop him by reminding him that eating raw meat can cause...
d. All of the above
You're headed to the Super-Duper Mart to get ingredients for your dad's favorite meal, head cheese. What's the main ingredient?
d. An actual animal head
Your teacher called you a mycophile! You were mildly offended until you realized it meant your hobby was...
b. Foraging for wild edible mushrooms


Entomologist

Ants live all over the planet. In fact, they live just about everywhere! But there is one place you won't find any ant colonies. Where?
d. Antarctica
Ants may be tiny, but they sure are strong! They can lift well over their weight. How much can they lift?
b. 100x their weight
Before reaching adulthood, a house fly enters what stage of its life cycle?
a. Pupa
Caterpillars go through some changes in their life as they grow older. Sound familiar, kids? But in the end they turn into a beautiful new creature! What creature?
b. A butterfly
Female praying mantises get a bad rap for their aggressive mating habits. But can you really blame them for wanting to do this to their mates from time to time?
d. Kill and eat them
Insects are invertebrates, meaning they make due without a certain body part. Which body part do invertebrates go without?
b. Spine
Insects' bodies are made up of three parts. Which of these is NOT one of these three parts?
a. Pelvis
Instead of tongues, insects may have long tubes coming from their mouths that they can use to suck up nutrients. What is this tube called?
a. A proboscis
Lots of bugs look like insects, but aren't. Which of the following bugs is NOT an insect?
c. A spider
Mary loves to go down to the riverbank at night to catch fireflies. These cute little insects glow in the dark! What process gives fireflies their special glow?
c. Bioluminescence
Mayflies live notoriously short lives, the poor things. If you were a mayfly, how long could you expect to live?
b. One day, exactly
Mosquitoes are tiny insects that fly around sucking the blood out of bigger creatures. What do they use this blood for?
a. Making eggs
Not all bugs are insects! Which of these creepy crawlies is NOT an insect?
d. Spiders
Periodical cicadas spend most of their lives underground. Why do they eventually emerge?
d. To mate and lay eggs
Roaches can survive almost anything, it seems, even nuclear radiation. In fact, a roach can survive for a while without its head! How long?
d. Over a week
Samuel is an athlete who spends lots of time running and jumping everywhere he goes. If he had a super power, he'd want to jump as far as a flea! How far would that be?
The length of a football field
Susie is learning to identify insects. She knows that insects have certain special features to look for that other animals don't. Which of these is a defining feature of insects?
c. Having six legs
There are a lot of people in the world, but there are way more insects! In fact, one out of every four creatures on Earth is which kind of insect?
a. A beetle
Timmy wants to grow up big and strong like his favorite beetle. What beetle can lift 1000 times its weight
c. Dung Beetle
Wendy is volunteering as a beekeeper at summer camp. Beekeepers harvest all kinds of useful things from the bees they keep. Which of the following treats do we NOT harvest from bees?
c. Flowers
Which of these insects was especially sacred to the ancient Egyptians?
c. Scarab beetles


Herpetologist

A collection of eggs laid by reptiles and amphibians are called a...
c. Clutch
Alex is on a hike and crosses paths with a Horned Lizard. The Horned Lizard is notorious for their ability to...
d. Shoot blood from their eyes
Many reptiles are ectothermic, which means they...
a. Must rely on external heat sources to regulate body temperature
Marcus has just ingested the poison of the Colorado River Toad - oops! What side effects can Marcus expect?
a. Euphoria and vivid hallucinations
Matthew has just been bitten by a Water Moccasin! The Water Moccasin's venom is hemotoxic. What symptoms will Matthew soon experience?
a. Pain and swelling in the bite area
Of the following, which is the largest?
b. Japanese Giant Salamander
Salamanders are an example of a...
c. Carnivore
Sally wants to try and find reptiles and amphibians on a hike in West Virginia. Which is she not likely to see?
d. Alligators
Sheila is making a Rain Forest Stew. Which ingredient is most likely to kill her?
d. Golden Dart Frog
Susan finds a Testudine on its back on the side of the road. What did Susan just find?
c. An alligator Snapping Turtle
The Blue Tongued Skink is known for...
d. All of the above
The Jackson's Chameleon is native to East Africa, however it was introduced to the United States in the 1970s. This is an example of...
d. Invasive Species
The most important difference between poisonous and venomous is...
a. Poisons are ingested, venom is injected
Tommy's just been bitten by a Black Mamba! If Tommy can't receive medical attention, how long does Tommy have to live?
b. 30 minutes
Wendy has just been bitten by a Coral Snake! The Coral Snake's venom is neurotoxic. What symptoms will Wendy soon experience?
b. Paralysis and respiratory failure
What is the main difference between a Frog and a Toad?
c. Frogs smooth mucus-covered skin, Toads have rough, dry skin
What is the main difference between a Turtle and a Tortoise?
a. Turtles live near water while Tortoises live on land
When the Hairy Frog (Thrichobatrachus robustus) is threatened, what defense mechanism would one expect it to use?
a. Break it's own toe bones and use them as claws
Which of the following is not venomous?
c. Bullfrog
Your pet iguana is being threatened by the family dog. What would be a common defense mechanism employed by the iguana?
b. Shed its own tail as a distraction


Hunter

A black bear has been stealing food from your campsite and you want to rig a trap to catch it. What kind of trap do you use?
A leg-hold trap
Alex takes aim at a boar with his hunting rifle, but when he squeezes the trigger his gun explodes! How could Alex have prevented this?
Maintained his firearm properly
Alfonso wants to go hunting commies. He has four dog breeds available as possible hunting companions. Which would you pick to track a human?
Bloodhound
Brendan wants to hook bass on Summersville Lake. When should he go to get the most bites?
None of the above
Hannah is hunting game, but her tracking skills aren't the best. She asks you if you have any leads. Where might she start looking?
A trail or desire path:
Mark is reading up on birds to hunt. Some birds have been hunted so much that they're all gone! Which of these was hunted to extinction in the 1900s?
The passenger pideon
Mary loves rabbits. They're so cute and furry, and the way they hop makes her laugh! She decides to trap a rabbit to take home as a pet. Which of these traps would be effective?
A snare
Samuel wants to go duck hunting, but can't decide which gun to bring. What would you recommend?
Shotgun
Susie loves deer and their silky coats. She decides to tan a deer hide to put in her cabin. Which type of skinning should she use to prepare a deer for tanning?
Open skinning
The government in Charleston decides it's open season to hunt naked mole-rats in Appalachia. This is because they are what kind of species here?
Invasive
There are many different ways that you can catch a fish. Which one of these is NOT a proper technique?
Using your boot to stomp on them
When hiking in the woods, always be prepared for an encounter with Appalachia's most powerful predator the bear. Which kind of bear is most common in Appalachia?
American black bear
You meet Brendan out deer hunting, but know he doesn't have a license. He says that he's been hunting before and that everything will be fine. What do you do?
Turn him in for poaching
You're bird hunting on Summersville Lake, but can't get close enough to take a good shot. What could you use to lure birds closer?
Decoys
You're going hunting with your great-great-grandfather's old-fashioned black powder rifle. What do you need to bring to reload?
A ramrod
You're hunting in the forest and want to lie low and wait for game to come to you. What could you use to help stay hidden?
A blind
You're in a good hunting spot and waiting for game to appear when you hear a sharp barking sound. Which animal probably made this call?
A red fox
You're looking to harvest some salmon to create bear bait. When Salmon reproduce, they gather in large numbers. Where can you find them at this time?
Freshwater rivers
You're tracking an animal through the forest when you feel something squishy beneath your feet... Looks like you've stepped in pellet shaped droppings. Which of these animals probably left them?
A deer
You've decided to go hunting and need to bring the right caliber ammo for your hunting rifle. What caliber do you bring?
.308 caliber
You've taken your kill back to the butcher, and he explains the different cuts of meat on the animal. Which of these cuts comes from the animal's leg?
Shank


Mammalogist

Alfonso is afraid of bats. They can get so big! How long is the wingspan on the largest bats?
5'7"
Australia is home to a class of mammals called marsupials. What's special about most marsupials that's different from other mammals?
They raise young in a pouch
Brendan likes to sleep. A lot. He even sleeps in class! Which of these mammals is also known for sleeping a lot in the winter?
Bears
Erin loves canines, especially large ones! Which of these does she love the most?
Wolves
George would rather study dinosaurs than mammals because they're big and scary. But mammals can get big and scary, too. And they're still around! What is the largest living mammal?
Blue whale
Hannah is from Alaska, and says that an iconic Alaskan mammal is actually a type of deer! Which mammal?
Moose
Hao is teaching her friends about Chinese mythology. She says that in folklore the spirits of mistreated animals can become demons. What are they called?
Yao guai
Humans are mammals, too! What is something that makes you different from a chimpanzee?
I stand up straight
Mammals are broken into over twenty "orders". Which of these orders has the most mammals in it?
Rodents
Most mammals have babies the same way as humans. But one mammal actually lays eggs! Which mammal?
Echidna
Samuel was out in the woods when he drew a big bear's attention! He played dead until it went away. Which of these mammals did he emulate?
Opossum
Sloths are slow moving mammals that live in trees. Millions of years ago, though, there were huge sloths that lived on the ground! How big did these "megasloths" get?
All of the above
Snippers is a good house cat. He eats his food and uses his litter box, just like he's supposed to. Which ancient country can we thank for domesticating cats like Snippers?
Egypt
Spot is a hunting dog. He likes to hunt bunnies and birds. What do African wild dogs like to hunt?
Antelopes
Susie lives near the Emmett Mountain Disposal Site and has a pet naked mole-rat named Jiffy. Why is Jiffy a good pet to have in this location?
He's cancer resistant
Susie wants to run really fast like her favorite mammal, so she practices running laps every day! Which mammal is the fastest on land?
Cheetahs
The mammary glands of female mammals produces which liquid after giving birth to their young?
Milk
West Virginia cattle are good eating, and the cattle love to eat, too! In fact, their stomachs have several compartments. How many?
4
What walks on four legs in the morning, two legs in the afternoon, three legs in the evening, and no legs at night?
A human
Which of these traits is different in mammals than in reptiles?
They have hair
You and Mary were both given pet rabbits as Christmas gifts. Mary's rabbit is a girl, called a "doe". Yours is a boy. What are boy rabbits called?
Bucks
You're hiking in the woods near your house and spot a red fox. Red foxes are native to North America. Which of these continents are they not native to?
Australia

Medic

Alfonso is earning spending money by working in the Garrahan coal mines after school. His father Ricardo is a mine worker, and is always coughing and wheezing. What condition is Alfonso risking by working in the mines?
Black lung
Believe it or not, blood cells come in several different colors! Which of these is a type of blood cell?
White
Brendan is at the firing range when Samuel accidentally clips him with a live round from his shotgun! He's lost a lot of blood. What will you do to restore it?
Hook up a blood pack intravenously
Hannah is afraid of fireworks. At last year's Fourth of July celebration, a faulty firework exploded right behind her! Now loud sounds make her jump and shiver. What do you call this condition?
Shell Shock
Mary works at the steel mill after school. One day, a heavy piece of equipment falls and makes a big gash on her thigh! Which of these muscles did she just injure?
Rectus femoris
Samuel drank some icky water from a pond on a hiking trip. Now he's feeling awful! He has diarrhea, stomach pains, and fluid loss. Which disease might Samuel have contracted?
Dysentery
Susie is playing in her tree house. She loses her balance and falls to the ground, breaking the bone in her upper arm, below her shoulder. Which bone did Susie break?
Humerus
Susie's grandmother is comatose on life support. As her physician, her fate is in your hands. What is the ethical decision?
Let her family decide
The day has come and the bombs have fallen. Where do you go to stay safe from the radiation?
My designated Vault-Tec vault
The other scouts are excited for your field trip to the Poseidon Energy Plant, but you're worried about the effects of radiation. What do you do?
Stop worrying, as nuclear power is 100% safe and effective
We use the rod of a mythical figure as the symbol of the medical profession. Which figure?
Asclepius
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of radiation sickness?
Hydrophobia
Which of the following is NOT a type of cancer?
Hemophilia
Which of the following is NOT a type of physician?
Astrologist
While rock climbing on a scout trip, you lose your grip and take a tumble, injuring your arm. You decide to apply a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Where do you tie the tourniquet?
A few inches above the wound
You and Richard are mountain biking when he hits a rock and tumbles into a tree, breaking his leg! What tool do you use to hold the bone in place until help arrives?
A splint
You come across a hopeless chem addict while doing good deeds around town. The addict begs you for money or chems. How do you respond?
Treat her with Addictol
You're helping Mr. Hannock cross the street when he doubles over clutching his chest! This is a symptom of which of the following?
Heart attack
You're preparing for a hiking trip and want to make some healing salves in case of injury. Which of these could you use as an ingredient?
Bloodleaf
You're the on-duty medic at the archery range. Ricky goes out to retrieve his arrow during live fire and is shot through the knee! What do you do?
Call an ambulance!


Swimmer

Billy is running around Wavy Willard's Water Park when the lifeguard blows a whistle and points at him. What should Billy do?
Immediately stop running to avoid slipping on a slick surface
It's a late night at summer camp and you can't sleep so you decide to go for a swim in the lake. As you leave, your swimming instructor angrily yells at you. What did you do wrong?
You forgot that swimming while it's dark outside is always a bad idea
Little Lizzie is scared of swimming in the local community pool. What aspect of swimming pools should she actually be concerned about?
The water is too deep for some non-swimmers
Steve the troublemaker is trying to trick people into thinking his made-up swimming stroke is real. What is the name of this obviously fake stroke?
Speed Stroke
Suzie is a beginner swimmer who is nervous about getting in the water. You teach her several techniques to stay afloat without an aid, which makes her feel better. Which is NOT one of those techniques?
Flailing
The impossible happens and the evil commies manage to launch a nuke on American soil! How does this impact your swimming routines?
All water sources are likely to be heavily irradiated, so swimming should be avoided
Timothy is bragging about all the health benefits he gets from being a regular swimmer. At what point in his tiresome prattle do you smugly stop and correct him?
The long-winded conclusion declaring the prevention of bacterial infections His declaration about the water giving him baby soft skin
What is the correct way to revive a drowning victim?
Turn the victim's head to the side to drain water, then back to the center for mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
What is the primary purpose of a swimming buddy?
To have someone that can alert the lifeguard in the case of an emergency
Which is the proper way to breathe while swimming?
Alternate between having your face in the water and rhythmically breathing between strokes
Which of the following is NOT an authorized aquatic Pioneer Scout activity?
Breath-holding competition
Which of the following is NOT one of the risks unique to swimming in open waters like lakes, rivers and oceans?
Limited visibility
Which of the following is best to consume before a swimming session in order to keep your energy up?
A light snack
You find yourself struggling against a river current after your canoe tips over! Which of the following is bad advice to follow in this situation?
Give up and drown
You see Billy struggling to stay afloat in the swimming pool. You want to help him but you just dried off! Which is NOT a non-swimming rescue technique?
Talk
You're assigned the task of inspecting all of the life jackets being handed out to your fellow scouts. Which is NOT something that you need to verify during the inspection?
The jackets are all the required shade of orange
You're in a fishing vessel off the coast when the boat capsizes! You remember the words of your Pioneer Scout swim instructor and start to survival float! What are you doing?
Face-down in the water with hands out and palms down, lifting your head to take deep breaths
You're vacationing at Summersville Lake and decide to dive into the water - what fun! But wait - how deep did the swimming instructor say the water should be before attempting a dive?
A minimum of 7 feet deep should keep you safe!
Your friend Marie asks for a stick of gum before her swim. How do you respond?
Refuse to give her one, as chewing gum while swimming is a dangerous choking hazard
Your strange friend Miguel is a major hypochondriac, and has given you a giant list of health concerns he has with swimming. Which item on his list can you say he definitely shouldn't worry about?
Xerophobia

Possum Exams

Atomics Fan

Atoms are assigned a number, called an "atomic number". Which of the following gives an atom its atomic number?
Its number of Protons
Be careful! You'll get sick if you handle radioactive elements for too long. Which of the following elements is NOT radioactive, and safe to handle as much as you want?
Oxygen
Boom! It's a nuclear explosion! Your friend Mack looks to you for help. What should you do next?
Duck and cover
Critical mass is
:The minimum amount of material needed for a sustained nuclear chain reaction
Elements have families, like you and me. Which of the following is NOT a family of elements on the periodic table?
The Roberts
Francium was discovered in what country?
France
In the theory of relativity, E=mc^2, what does the 'c' represent?
The speed of light
Johnny is a is trying to make his own Fusion Core at home. What will he need to make one?
All of them above
Little atoms are made up of a few essential parts. Which of the following is NOT part of an atom?
Assaultron
Protons, neutrons, and electrons are all examples of what?
Subatomic particles
The T-51b Power Armor uses what device as a power supply?
Fusion core
The subatomic particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge is known as what?
Positron
The year is 2066. An ever-growing energy crisis is threatening to destabilize the United States. What device did our dashing scientists introduce as a potential solution?
The Fusion Cell
Though tiny, atoms do have mass. Where is most of it found?
Its Nucleus
Uranium oxide concentrate is also known as what?
Yellowcake
What are some of the risks involved with atomic energy and nuclear power?
All of the above
What is the proper pronunciation of "Nuclear"?
New-clee-er
Which of the following is an example of a Noble Gas?
Radon
You may not think it, but the sun runs on a nuclear reaction, just like our cars and toys! Which nuclear reaction makes the sun shine?
Nuclear Fusion
Your best friend Timmy leads you to a discovery he made out by the old swimming hole
barrels of nuclear waste! What should you do?:Leave immediately and find an adult

Archaeologist

Alfonso took a trip to Europe and saw the ruins of Pompeii. He learned that a famous volcano erupted, and buried the city in ash. Which volcano?
Mt. Vesuvius
Archaeology does NOT include which of the following?
Gunfights
Brendan went to a museum exhibit in Europe and saw a very famous rock. He says it was used to decipher ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics! What rock is he referring to?
The Rosetta Stone
Hannah wants to hunt for lost tombs. Whose undiscovered tomb should she go looking for?
Genghis Khan
Hiram Bingham III was an American explorer. He went to South America looking for ruins, and wound up finding them! Which famous ruin did he reveal to the outside world?
Machu Picchu
Learning about the past is nice and all, but Mary is a practical person. She wants to know what practical materials she can salvage from a shipwreck, for instance. What important material could you get from an old shipwreck?
All of the above
Mary's family is visiting the island of Sicily for vacation. She's gotten to see ruins from all kinds of civilizations there! Which of these civilizations left ruins on Sicily?
All of the above
Radiation isn't all bad! You can use radiation to date organic artifacts. How?
Carbon dating
Samuel and his dog Spot are playing in the backyard. While Spot is digging holes, he unearths an ancient necklace! What's the first thing Samuel should do?
Notify the county sheriff
Some archaeologists think the ruins of Wilusa are a city from a famous Greek legend. Which city?
Troy
Susie tries to sell you a Native American artifact she dug up. Is Susie committing a crime?
Yes, a misdemeanor
The Greek Dark Ages were a time when Bronze Age civilization collapsed. What is an indicator of this "dark age"?
Lack of Greek writing
The tomb of the evil Chinese emperor Qin Shih Huang is guarded by thousands of warriors made of what material?
Terracotta
Which West Virginia county takes its name from a local indigenous culture?
Kanawha county
You're excavating a dig site and uncover a trove of ancient coins! What do you call this kind of find?
A hoard
You're excavating an ancient Egyptian tomb, and come across a scroll with old writing on it! What material is the scroll most likely made of?
Papyrus
You're surveying a potential dig site, but are having trouble finding any ruins. Erin says you can use lasers to help find ruins! How would you do this?
Scan the area with lasers to make a map
You've discovered an artifact during an excavation. Which of the following needs to be recorded?
All of the above
You've dug up a beautiful gold necklace at an excavation site. Where does the necklace belong?
In a museum
You've taken excavated material back to your lab and sorted it. What should be your next step?
Clean and conserve fragile pieces

Backpacker

After collecting water from a natural water source that you intend to drink, you should let it boil it for...
One minute, at a rolling boil
Benjamin is lost in the woods. However, he has found a reliable water source. How long before Benjamin starves to death?
3 weeks
Charles has accidentally stepped in a bear trap - what a klutz! How do you help Charles?
Disarm the trap and inject a Stimpak near the affected area
Josh discovers a cluster of mushrooms next to a tree. What should Josh do with them?
Make scientific observations, but otherwise leave them alone
Leave no...
Trace
Lizzie is out on the trail when she notices a baby bear in her path. What should she do?
Slowly back away and use a smooth calming voice while keeping an eye on the bear
Mary has just returned from the store with brand new camping supplies. What should she do with them first?
Familiarize herself with all of the equipment by setting it up before the trip
Molly has become separated from the rest of her group. What should she do?
Stay put and make noise, so that someone will be more likely to find her
Richie and Ted have been scouting campsites all morning. Which of the following would make the best campsite?
Close to a stream on a gentle hill
Ricky notices he's being stalked by a Mountain Lion. What should he do?
Maintain eye contact, make himself look as large as possible, and make a lot of noise
Ryan has been hiking all day and notices his mouth is dry, his head is beginning to hurt, he's fatigued, and starting to become dizzy. Ryan is likely...
Suffering from dehydration
Sarah and Jessie are hiking when they notice a giant snake on the path. What should they do?
Give the snake a wide berth while keeping an eye on it
The best reason to avoid drinking water from a stream is...
It might contain dangerous parasites and bacteria
Ticks spread what disease?
Lyme disease
What's the best way to dress for a hike?
Wear several light, thin layers that can be removed or replaced as the temperature changes
What's the safest place to store your supplies of food while you sleep at night in your camp?
Strung up above the ground between tree branches
When hiking in the woods, the best reason to wear clothing that covers as much of your skin as possible is...
It will help to protect your from poison ivy, poison oak, and sun exposure
When is the best time to start setting up camp?
Several hours before sunset
Which direction does the sun rise?
East
Which of the following is not a useful camping item?
Jangles the Moon Monkey doll

Chemist

Alison has a test tomorrow but hasn't had any time to study. She panics, and decides to take a chem to make sure she does well. Which chem did she probably take?
Mentats
Ancient alchemists once tried to turn lead into gold. It sounds silly, but chemicals actually transform all the time! What do you call the process by which one chemical becomes another?
A chemical reaction
Before our vehicles ran on the fission battery, we used a totally different source of power. What chemical did we used to use to power our vehicles?
Petroleum
Careful, kids! Mentats can be tempting to use because they come in many tasty flavors. Which of the following is NOT a flavor of Mentats?
Lime
Careful, kids. Event "smart" people may fall prey to illicit chem addiction. What chem -- best avoided -- has become popular with some "intellectuals"?
Daddy-O
Chemicals can have all kinds of side effects. Where is the safest place to work with chemicals that give off toxic fumes?
Under a fume hood with the ventilation system turned on
Chemistry has shown us that the whole world is made up of tiny base elements. Chemists have compiled a handy list of these elements. What's this list called?
The Periodic Table of Elements
Clever chemists can mix their chems together to get something entirely new. What chem is the result of mixing Buffout with Mentats?
Bufftats
Even the most useful chems have side effects, and a good Scout needs to stay informed about what they're taking. What are the only known side effects of Radaway, for instance?
Increased hunger and thirst
In a pinch, what two components can you use to create gunpowder?
Cloth and acid
It's important to know the key components of important chems in the event of an emergency. Antiseptic, blood, and steel are all combined to make which chem?
Stimpak
Richard is an amateur metalworker, and works with ore at his chemistry station, in addition to chemicals. Which chemical might Richard have that would be useful for working with ore?
Acid
Safety first! While working in the lab, horseplay is
Never acceptable
Safety is of the utmost importance to a good chemist. When working at a chemistry station, make sure you always wear which of the following?
All of the above
Some materials (especially nuclear ones) can be unstable, and are dangerous to work with. Which of the following is an example of an unstable material?
Raw fluorescent flux
Uh-oh! Franklin just splashed his eyes with an unknown chemical while working at his chemistry station. What should he do right away?
Find the nearest eye wash station and begin flushing his eyes for 15 minutes
Wesley is about to start working with nuclear materials. He can take a chem to reduce the effects of radiation while he works. Which chem should he take before handling the materials?
Rad-X
You can't always expect to have the right amount chems at the right time. In the event of an emergency, Stimpaks, Radaway, and Rad-X can be diluted with what?
Purified water
Your best friend, Chris, has been going to the gym a lot lately and has become addicted to Buffout. What can you give him to ween him off this horrible drug?
Addictol
Your dad is working in the garage on his brand new Chryslus Cherry Bomb when you notice a crack in the nuclear material housing. Radiation's leaking out, and your dad is irradiated! Which chem could potentially save his life?
Radaway

Collector

Anna likes to collect Teddy bears. Her most prized possession is a bear that was recalled in 2072 for being too terrifying! Which bear is this?
Teddy Fear
Astounding Awesome Tales Issue 10 features the first appearance of which character?
The Starlet Sniper
Erin collects spooky holotape series in her free time. Which popular holotape series features the cryptids of West Virginia?
Tales From West Virginia
Guns and Bullets is dedicated to all things weapons. They once even predicted the "weapon of tomorrow". Which type of weapon did they predict would become popular?
Plasma weapons
In 2062, a famous comic book publisher founded their own holotape game studio. Which publisher?
Hubris Comics
Issue 1 of The Unstoppables features the titular team squaring off against which notable villain?
Commie-kazi
Lots of toys are fun to collect, but beware foreign imports! Which new toy is suspiciously anti-American?
Comrade Chubs
Lucas is trying to collect all of the Nuka-Cola flavors. Which flavor is he not likely to find?
Nuka-Kiwi
Mark's favorite comic series is the Backwoodsman. What is the tagline for this series?
Thrilling, True Stories for Rugged Men
Mikey is looking to expand his holotape game collection. There's a magazine that can help with that! Which magazine should he keep his eyes out for?
RobCo Fun
Noah has, after many long years, finally completed his collection of Vault-Tec bobbleheads. But which one would you NOT find in his collection?
Good Vibes
Olivia says she has a complete set of Mr. Fuzzy plush dolls. Which doll would you NOT find in her collection?
I Want to Go Home Mr. Fuzzy
The Unstoppables series features many famous comic book heroes teaming up to fight together. Which of the following is NOT a member of the Unstoppables?
Professor Platypus
Uh, oh! Timmy got caught with an issue of Tumblers Today. That's a magazine dedicated to which illicit act?
Lockpicking
What was the original cover price of an issue of Astoundingly Awesome Tales?
29
Which creature was NOT featured in an issue of Astonishing Tales?
The Mega Sloth
Which magazine once featured an article on Robots Ruling the World?
Tesla Magazine
Which studio developed the classic holotape games Atomic Command and Automatron?
Planned Diversion Programming
Which villain was featured in issue #2 of Grognak the Barbarian?
The Trickster
Wilson Atomatoys made which famous toy line?
Giddyup Buttercup

Electrician

Alfonso doesn't believe that you can make a battery out of simple household items. What can you use to prove him wrong?
All of the above
America uses safe and reliable direct current electricity. What do the commies use?
Dangerous alternating current
Brendan is directing a movie and has put you in charge of all the electrical setup. What does that make your job title?
Gaffer
Eels are strange creatures that can produce electricity. If Sally wanted to use an eel as a natural power source, how much power could she get?
At least 500 Volts
Everyone loves delicious Nuka-Cola! Which of these local power plants makes power for the Kanawha Nuka-Cola plant?
Poseidon Energy Plant WV-06
Hannah got a brand new Pip-Boy, but it's defective! She's decided to try fixing it herself. What icon represents a resistor on her Pip-Boy's circuit diagram?
A zig-zagging line
Many of the Founding Fathers had numerous talents. Which Founding Father invented the lightning rod?
Benjamin Franklin
Mary needs to reattach a wire to the circuit board on her terminal. What process could she use to do this?
Soldering
Our troops on the front lines use power armor in service to our country. But what puts the "power" in their armor?
Fusion cores
Silicon is crucial to making electronics, especially microchips. But how is silicon produced?
It's grown as a crystal
Susie wants to work on the circuitry of her school terminal but is afraid of electrocution. What could she wear to protect herself?
Rubber gloves
Which fine American invented the modern light bulb?
Thomas Edison
You need to construct a circuit for an electrical experiment, and need a good conductive material. Which of the following is the best electrical conductor?
Copper
You need to measure the voltage on a part of Robert's terminal to perform repairs. Which tool could you use to do so?
A multimeter
You reach out and touch a Mr. Handy and get a quick static shock! What causes this?
The sudden flow of electricity
You want to begin repairing a broken radio for a fellow scout. What's the first step?
Unplug it
You're learning about Ohm's law in school. The law uses the equation I = V/R. What is the "V" in this equation?
Voltage
You're repairing your Pip-Boy and need to measure the flow of current through a certain wire. What unit of measurement do you use for this?
Ampere
You're walking down the sidewalk after a big storm and come across a downed power line laying in your path. What do you do?
Call the power company to report it
You're working on a circuit and need an electrical insulator, but only have a limited set of materials. Which of the following is the best electrical insulator?
Teflon
Your class took a field trip to the Poseidon Energy Plant to learn about nuclear power. How do most nuclear plants turn energy into electricity?
Using steam from heated water to turn turbines

Gardener

A cantaloupe is a round and tasty plant that's orange on the inside. What kind of plant is a cantaloupe?
A melon
Autumn is Samuel's favorite time of year! He loves Halloween and the autumn harvest. Which of his favorite autumn plants will light up a popular Halloween attraction in Appalachia this year?
Pumpkins
Brendan is lying in the grass beneath a big oak tree. He's amazed that a tree can get so big with just a few ingredients, like light and water. What process do plants use to make energy from these ingredients?
Photosynthesis
Erin says ladybugs aren't "true bugs" at all! Well, what kind of insect are they, then?
Beetles
For plants to be fertilized and make seeds, they need to be pollinated. Some animals help with pollination by carrying the pollen from plant to plant. Which of the following animals help pollinate plants?
All of the above
Hannah is very dedicated to her garden. Some day, she wants to grow it into a big public place, where she can share all different kinds of plants with the world. What would you call this kind of garden?
A botanical garden
Mark knew locust swarms are notorious for destroying crops. But he was surprised to learn that locusts are just a kind of common garden insect! Which insect?
Grasshoppers
Mary wants to grow a spectacular garden, with all the best plants she can find. She wants to model her garden off of a legendary Wonder of the World. Which garden should she use as her model?
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Mice have been sneaking into your garden and nibbling on all your plants! It's time to take action. What kind of weapon was made for just such an occasion?
A garden gun
Samuel grows potatoes in his garden so he can cook and eat them whenever he wants. Potatoes are grown all over the place, but they originally started in a small range. Where in the world did people first grow potatoes?
South America
Soil makes a big difference in how plants grow. Hannah wants to learn more about soil science at Vault-Tec University so the plants in her garden will grow big and healthy. What field should she study to learn about soil and living things?
Edaphology
Susie wants to work at the Vault-Tec Agricultural Research Center in Flatwoods when she grows up, but that means going to college. What subject should she study in college to reach her goal?
Botany
When Barry plays baseball, he's always chewing on the seeds of a pretty garden plant. Which plant has seeds that are popular with baseball players?
Sunflower
When plants make food for themselves they use light, carbon dioxide, and water to make sugar. They also make one other element that they don't use, though. What element is that?
Oxygen
You can use genetics to cross-breed certain plants and give them the traits that you want, even in your own garden! What friar famously showed how this is done by cross-breeding peas?
Gregor Mendel
You're hiking in the woods, gathering new seeds for your garden. You notice some fruit growing on a bush, but when you reach out to pick it, you nick your finger on a prickly bramble! What kind of fruit usually grows on bramble bushes like these?
Blackberries
You're preparing to do some gardening and go to grab your tools, but something in your toolbox looks out of place. Which of these tools should you NOT bring when gardening?
Duct tape
You're starting a garden just to grow some food for cooking at home. What's this kind of simple garden called?
A kitchen garden
Your family recently moved to a cool and boggy part of Appalachia, limiting what you can grow in your new garden. Which of these plants would grow well in this new environment?
Cranberries
Your garden is overrun with pesky insects! Grant says that there are chemicals that will kill them all and rescue your garden. What class of chemical is he talking about?
Pesticides

Leatherworker

"Cuir bouilli", or "boiled leather" is a way of treating wet leather so that it has what properties when dry?
It holds its shape
Brendan lost his thong while working leather in his workshop. Now he has to look all over for it! What exactly did Brendan lose?
A strip of leather
Brendan wants to press a cool dragon pattern into his new leather belt. What's the term for pressing a pattern or design into leather?
Tooling
Different kinds of animal hides make leather with different kinds of properties. Jacob wants to use a soft leather to craft a luxury item. What animal's hide is often used for making luxury leather items?
Deer
Erin is making a leather jacket and needs to decide how she wants to lace some material. What is lacing?
A decorative way of sewing leather
Hannah is apprenticed to a "currier", a professional who processes leather. Which of the following leather processing steps is NOT the job of a currier?
Making leather fruit snacks
Leatherworkers use something called "dubbin", which comes in a little tin, to condition and waterproof leather. What is dubbin, exactly?
A wax rubbed into the leather
Mark is digging through his attic and discovers an old vellum parchment. A treasure map, maybe? But Mark is more interested in the vellum! "Vellum" is a Latin word that means what?
Made of calf
Mark is making himself comfy new shoes out of a soft leather product called "suede". Where on an animal's hide can Mark get the leather for his suede?
The underside
Red Chinese officers carry swords prized as trophies by our brave fighting men and women. Historically, intricate sword grips were wrapped in leather made from which creature?
The stingray
Robert is putting the final touches on his piece of tanned leather by oiling, polishing, and buffing it. What is this last step in the leatherworking process called?
Finishing
Sally has an animal hide that hasn't yet been tanned. But it's still useful! Leatherworkers use these for everything from drumheads to lampshades. What do you call this kind of hide?
Rawhide
Sally just skinned a fresh carcass and now has a raw hide to turn into leather. What process will she use to transform the raw hide into leather?
Tanning
Sometimes leatherworkers will add a rough pattern to their work to make it seem more natural or appealing. What do you call this process?
Graining
Susie's favorite part of working leather is when she gets to die it just the right color. Is there any color that you can't dye leather?
No
Tanning is an integral part of leatherworking. It even gets its own building! What do you call a building used for tanning leather?
A tannery
Untreated animal hides have uses, but tanning is done for a reason! What's a major benefit of tanning a hide?
It decomposes less
When it comes to making leather twist and bend, there's no better technique than "skiving". What does skiving do?
Makes the leather thinner without weakening it
When stitching a seam in leather, you can stitch in such a way that both sides are exposed. What is this kind of stitching called?
Saddle stitching
You can make leather from the hide of any animal, but some animals are more popular with leatherworkers. Which animal is the most popular source of hides for leatherworking?
Cows

Metalworker

Blast furnaces smelt metal on an industrial scale. They work by feeding fuel, ore, and limestone in the top while a "blast" of what is blown into the bottom?
Hot air
Brendan is learning to rivet. He learns that a fastened rivet has two "heads". It starts with and one, and the other is made during fastening. What do you call a rivet's second head?
A shop head
Erin is learning blacksmithing from her uncle. When working the forge, she uses a device called a "bellows" on the fire. What is the main purpose of a bellows?
Feeding the fire with air
Hannah prefers using machine tools when tinkering with metal objects in her workshop. They're so much more convenient than hand tools! What metalworking occupation would be a perfect fit for Hannah?
Machinist
Mary is assigned to a welding line in her factory, where she fuses metal things together with a special tool. What is her welding tool called?
A torch
Metalworking takes a lot of different tools to do properly, and your workshop is filled with them! Which of these tools is useful in metalworking?
All of the above
Metalworking uses certain general processes that modify worked metal. Which of the following is NOT one of these processes?
Gelding
Samuel is in charge of operating a smelter at the factory where he works after school. Smelters use a special fuel with lots of carbon, and Samuel needs more to keep his smelter running. What is the name of the fuel he's looking for?
Coke
Some metals are easier to find than others, so people have been mining them for a long time. Which of these did ancient metalworkers NOT know about?
Platinum
Sometimes metalworkers combine different metals to make something entirely new. What do you call this new thing?
An alloy
Sometimes, metalworkers form metal into flat pieces to be worked later. What is this kind of metal called?
Sheet metal
Susie is experimenting with working bronze into a sculpture. In order to make her sculpture, she needs to shape molten metal with a mold. What do you call this process?
Casting
Susie is fascinated by metal casting: making things by molding molten metal. Where could she work that specializes in metal casting?
A foundry
You're doing your patriotic duty by volunteering at a steelworks during wartime. What might your service make that gives our fighting men an edge?
All of the above
You're lacking for metalworking materials to use in your workshop. Luckily, there are all kinds of things lying around the house that make good scrap! Which of the following everyday objects can be scrapped for metal?
All of the above
You're looking to get into the metalworking trade as a steel worker. Where in Appalachia could you go to find a large steelyard looking for workers?
Grafton
You're working in a factory, making weapons to help the war effort. A lot can affect your productivity, but what is the biggest threat to your output?
Union-organized strikes
You're working on shaping a metal component by "milling" it. How does "milling" shape metal?
Removing material
You've received a shipment of iron ore to your steelyard, and need to get the metal out of the rock. What can you use to do this?
A smelter
Your ironworks has smelted its shipment of raw iron into something called "pig iron". The next step is to turn the "pig iron" into an important end product. What end product?
Steel

Miner

Brendan got a part-time job mining coal for Garrahan Mining. He remembers from geology class that coal is mostly made up of a single element. Which element?
Carbon
Brendan joined the local labor union. But Brendan was tricked! Because unions are the first step on the road to what?
Communism
Fire-setting is an old mining technique used up until the Middle Ages. Miners would set fires near a rock face and then douse it with water. What did this do to help the miners?
Fractured rock with thermal shock
Girls love diamonds! Mark wants to get Dana a diamond ring so she'll like him. What part of the world mines the most diamonds?
Africa
Hannah wants to help out the local miners, but doesn't want to be a miner herself. Instead, she wants to learn to operate a vehicle and transport the mined coal to where it's needed. What vehicle should she learn to operate?
A train
Hannah's father is a uranium miner. He explains to her that you can mine uranium with a process called "leaching". What does leaching do?
Dissolves minerals for safe extraction
Mary wants to use landfill mining to excavate an old landfill. Removing hazardous waste is her main goal, but what's an added benefit of landfill mining?
All of the above
Mining can be dangerous work. Luckily, the Garrahan Mining company developed a suit to keep miners safe, and even increase productivity! What is this suit called?
The Excavator Power Armor
Our many nuclear energy plants run on uranium fuel. What part of the world mines the most uranium?
Red China, unfortunately
Samuel is working at a strip mine. Strip mines use huge machines that can move tons of dirt every hour! Samuel wants to learn to operate these machines. What are they called?
Bucket-wheel excavators
Susie was working at a Hornwright Industrial mine when she lost her job to an auto-mining robot! What should she do now?
Get a job at Garrahan Mining today!
The California Gold Rush brought lots of would-be miners to the west coast of the United States. What year did that famous Gold Rush kick off?
1848
Today, Alfonso can get a safe and profitable job working at a local coal mine. But in the old days, mining was very different! One important mineral was really dangerous to mine, because it could cause dehydration. Which mineral?
Salt
When mining coal, it's important to watch out for dangerous gas build-ups, called "damps". But which of the following is NOT a "damp" in coal mining?
Towel damp
Which of these local mining companies employs the most miners in Appalachia?
Garrahan Mining
You know there's a vein of coal deep under a certain mountain and want to get in to extract it. What kind of mining could get you to it quickly?
Quarrying
You want to open a new mine, but aren't sure if your enterprise will make a profit. What should you do to find out if there's a chance at some cash?
A feasibility study
You're going down in a coal mine and decide to take a canary with you to help detect toxic gasses. What do you call an animal used in this way?
A sentinel species
You're looking to take a job with a local mining company. Where in Appalachia could you find mines looking for workers?
Mount Blair
You're starting work on a new underground mine. You'd like to dig horizontally into the side of a mountain and extract its minerals. What do you call this kind of mining?
Drift mining

Musician

Alfonso is learning the old-fashioned accordion, a goofy-looking instrument with keys and buttons. It's so complicated, he's not even sure what kind of instrument it is! What class of instrument is the accordion?
An aerophone
Ancient philosophers thought that the universe moved to a musical harmony, and even gave it a special name. What did they call the harmony of the universe?
The Music of the Spheres
Brendan plays saxophone in a jazz band. He loves jazz because it's unique and all-American. What's something special that really makes jazz different from most music?
Improvisation
Erin and her friends are starting a band, and Erin wants to be the singer. There's a special name for someone who sings in a band. What's is it?
A vocalist
Hannah is conducting an orchestra. That's a big job! What does she use to direct the orchestra's performance?
Hand gestures
James loves marching music, especially military marches. His favorite composer is John Philip Sousa, because of the famous military marches he wrote. What's a popular nickname for John Philip Sousa?
The March King
Like any good patriot, Susie's favorite song is the US national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner". Who wrote the lyrics?
Francis Scott Key
Marching bands play in all kinds of places! Susie wants to join the school marching band and go see the world. Where might Susie expect to play her music?
All of the above
Mary loves classical music, especially music by Ludwig van Beethoven. Beethoven was an important classical composer of which era?
The Romantic era
Samuel is learning to read sheet music, but he can't remember all the notation and asks you for help. Some notes are marked with a "#". How do you play those, again?
Sharp
Samuel likes music, but his clumsy hands make it hard for him to play an instrument well. He's decided to study music in school, instead. The study of music has its own special name. What is it called?
Musicology
Susie loves to sing and can reach really high notes because she was born with a voice that can reach a higher range. What voice type does she have?
Soprano
The British made up a song to make fun of our brave forefathers, but now it's as a patriotic hymn! How ironic! Which song?
Yankee Doodle
The Founding Fathers didn't want America to have a king, but we got one anyway, so to speak. Who do we call "the King" of Rock n' Roll?
Elvis Presley
You and Mark are singing along to a great song, but something sounds off. Mark can barely follow along, and doesn't remember any of the verses, even though he's heard them before. What condition might Mark be suffering from?
Tone deafness
You receive a brand new drum set as a gift for your birthday, and it came with more than just drums, too! Your drum set has another percussion instrument attached. Which instrument?
Cymbals
You're jamming out on your electric guitar, but you can't seem to jam loud enough! You need something to make your music louder. What can you use for this?
An amplifier
You're learning to play the recorder in class, and the teacher instructs you to play a scale. How are the notes sorted in a musical scale?
By pitch
You're reading some sheet music to get a feel for the song you'll be playing next. There's always some notation at the start of a piece. What does it tell you about the song?
Its tempo
You're singing your favorite song aloud in the shower, but without any music you don't sound too great. Some people can sing really well, even without instruments. What do you call singing without instruments?
A cappella
Your music teacher wants to take her class and form an orchestra. What on earth is an orchestra?
A big group of people playing different instruments

Photographer

A photograph is taken by projecting light onto a photographic surface. What is the most common photographic surface used?
Film
After a long day of taking photographs, Mark takes his film back to his lab to process it. He uses a special room to do so. What do you call this special room?
A darkroom
Alfonso likes to sleep in, so he always keeps his room as dark as possible. One day, he wakes up to find an upside down image of his neighbor's house projected onto his wall! What do you call this crazy phenomenon?
Camera obscura
Brendan took a photo of his cat Snippers that looked "washed out", or too bright. It turns out his picture was "overexposed". What is "exposure" in photography?
How much light reaches the film
Cameras work by focusing light onto a surface that records the image. What does the camera use to focus light?
A lens
Erin is a little superstitious, so she's very curious about the supernatural side of photography. When photography was brand new, she says, spiritualists were interested because they thought photographs of people let you see what?
Their soul
Frenchman Louis Daguerre developed an early form of photography using chemicals and silver-plated copper. What was the name of his process?
Daguerreotypy
Hannah is trying to make her own photographic film. She needs to coat the film in a gelatin that has light-sensitive crystals in it. What kind of crystals should she use?
Silver halide
Nicephore Niepce pioneered photoengraving, a predecessor of photography. When did he make his first major breakthrough?
1822
On your family vacation to Summersville, you find a lost camera on a park bench. After developing the photographs, you discover that they're sensitive pictures of Camp McClintock! What do you do?
Turn them in to the authorities
Photography projects light onto a surface to create a visible image, but the surface must be sensitive to light for this to happen. What's another word for light-sensitivity?
Photosensitivity
Richard is taking long-exposure photos of the night sky to make cool trails of light in his pictures. What does Richard adjust on his camera to take long-exposure photographs?
Its shutter speed
Samuel is helping out at Vault-Tec University by sorting through their old nitrate film collection. He stops to take a smoke break and lights up a cigarette. But wait! That's really dangerous! Why?
Nitrate film is very flammable
Susie likes to take pictures, and her favorite subjects are people. She has you sit in a boring pose and takes your picture. What is this kind of picture called?
A portrait
When Mary takes a picture with her camera, it creates a photographic "negative" that she then processes. What is the main benefit of producing this negative?
Making positive photos from it
When light travels through a camera lens and hits the film behind, it goes through a hole on the front of the camera that sets how much light gets through. What is this hole called?
An aperture
When you take a picture, an invisible image forms on the photographic film that only shows up after processing. What is this invisible image called?
Latent
You're taking pictures of Mark, but he seems blurry when looking through the viewfinder. You can make an adjustment to the lens' range to make him look clearer. What are you adjusting when you do this?
The focus
You've finished the photographic process by producing a photographic image on paper! What is this paper image called?
A print
You've taken a photograph and want to make an image from the film. What is the name for process?
Development

Rail Enthusiast

A "derailer" is a device attached to train tracks with a very specific purpose. What does a derailer do that's useful for railway workers?
Derails trains when they enter unauthorized areas
Amazingly, we in America aren't the only ones that have a transcontinental railroad! Which famous railway connects the Russian capital to the Far East?
The Trans-Siberian Railway
America has a lot of track and trains, but our railway system isn't the oldest in the world. Which country was the first to build a major railway system?
The United Kingdom
As America's transcontinental railroad grew westward across the American landscape, lawless towns full of grit and debauchery sprung up in its wake. What did people call these towns?
Hell on Wheels
Early locomotives often carried their fuel in special cars, pulled behind the engine for easy access. What was the name for these cars?
Tenders
Hannah is driving a train from Whitespring to Sunnytop at 50 mph, and Samuel from Sutton to Morgantown at 60 mph. If they both leave at noon, when will they collide in a fiery crash?
Never
In 1934, a steam locomotive called the "Flying Scotsman" set a world speed record for steam trains. How fast did it go when setting its record?
100 mph
Locomotives travel on a set of two rails called "track". It's easy to forget, but the spacing of this track is very important! What's the name for the spacing of a track's rails?
Track gauge
Managing a train is a difficult operation. Keeping everything on schedule, taking tickets, even paperwork! What do you call the person on the train who has to handle all these things?
The conductor
Nowadays, most of our vehicles are powered by nuclear reactors. But when locomotives were invented, they used a different kind of fuel entirely! What fuel source powered early trains?
Coal
Roberto needs a little extra power to get his train up the steep mountains in Appalachia, so he "double heads" his train. What is "double heading"?
Using two locomotives for extra power
Sally is conducting a train on its way through Appalachia. She needs to stop and pick up a cargo load of coal. Where's the best place to do this?
The Mount Blair Trainyard
Some train engines are equipped with a pointed metal device on the front. What's this thing called?
A cow catcher
Susie's favorite holotape stories are always about mysterious strangers in the shadows, and great detectives solving impossible cases. What famous railroad became synonymous with mystery and luxury in the late 19th century?
The Orient Express
The first working railway locomotive was unveiled in Europe in the 19th century. What revolutionary new engine powered this locomotive?
A steam engine
What was the most track laid in one day during the construction of America's transcontinental railroad?
10 miles
When Hao visits San Francisco, she loves to ride the trolley cars up and down the hills to see the sights. Trolleys are a kind of rail vehicle once common in cities, and are usually powered by what source?
Electricity
When Samuel grows up, he wants nothing more than to be a Ferroequinologist. What on Earth is a Ferroequinologist?
Someone who studies trains
When no-good outlaws robbed trains in the Old West, a common target was the money held in express car safes. Whose job was it to make sure the cargo in the express cars got delivered?
An expressman's
When rail travel first took off, the United States made building a transcontinental railroad a priority. What was a major reason that such a railroad became important?
Gold was discovered in California

Roboticist

A robot that is capable to performing tasks without specific instructions is known as what kind of robot?
a. Autonomous
Frank is trying to siphon mechocentric phalanges from an axium tripolar capacitor in order to repair the upper quadrant of a cylindractor arm link. What should he do?
d. Literally none of these words mean anything
How many arms does the standard Mr. Handy, Ms. Nanny and Mr. Gutsy have?
a. 3
In 2060, the US Military developed which robot for reconnaissance and delivering supplies to hostile conditions?
a. Cargobot
In the unlikely event of a total Communist robotic invasion, what type of weapons should be used to best defend yourself?
c. Pulse Weaponry
It's Robot Day at the race track. Who would definitely LOSE in a race?
c. Petey the Protectron
Kimmy wants to learn more about robots and asks you if there are any magazines she could read. Which would be the best suggestion?
a. Tesla Science Magazine
Miss Nanny and Mr. Gutsy are variations of what popular robot?
d. Mr. Handy
Mr. Handy, Miss Nanny, and Mr. Gutsy were all developed by which company?
d. General Atomics International
The Assaultron proudly serves alongside our troops on the front line. It's signature commie-crushing ability is its...
c. High-power Head Laser
The Vertibot is an unmanned, autonomous version of which aircraft?
c. The Vertibird
The standard Protectrons primary behavior is to...
b. Protect and Serve
Which West Virginian City is run and maintained entirely by robots?
b. Watoga
Which company partnered with Atomic Mining Services to develop a robot that could outmatch Garrahan Mining's Excavator Power Armor?
a. Hornwright Industries
Which of the following is a company dedicated to innovation in robotics?
RobCo
Which of the following is not a Standard Personality Mode for a Protectron?
c. Actor and Thespian
Which of the following robots was not developed by RobCo Industries?
a. Mr. Handy
You find a robot acting strangely and you think it's malfunctioning. What should you do?
c. Leave immediately and tell an adult
Your assembling a standard-issue Protectron unit. Which parts will you NOT need?
a. Jetpack
Your old friend Clunky the Sentry bot has found itself in an unwinnable combat scenario. Based on its standard programming, what will it do next?
b. Self-Destruct