Springfield Model 1861
The Springfield Model 1861 was a Minié-type rifled musket used by the United States Army and Marine Corps during the American Civil War. Commonly referred to as the "Springfield" (after Springfield, Massachusetts, its original place of production) it was the most widely used U.S. Army weapon during the Civil War, favored for its range, accuracy, and reliability.
The barrel was 40 inches long, firing a .58 caliber Minié ball, and the total weight was approximately nine pounds. The Springfield had an effective range of 200 to 300 yards, and used percussion caps to fire. Trained troops were able to fire at a rate of three rounds per minute while maintaining accuracy up to 500 yards.
- Museum of Technology Placard: "The Type 1861 "Springfield" Rifle-Musket was the standard weapon for the infantry soldier in the American Civil War. It was a muzzle-loaded weapon which fired a .58 caliber "Minie Ball" using percussion caps instead of the traditional flintlock. Almost a million of these weapons were manufactured for the soldiers during the war."