Taiwan, also known as the Republic of China, was a pre-war country, and one of the rivals of the People's Republic of China.
It is unknown if Taiwan was annexed by the People's Republic of China during the Resource Wars, or perhaps even before. It is likely, however, that it was devastated along with the rest of the world in the Great War.
|The following is based on Fallout Extreme and has not been confirmed by canon sources.|
In the cancelled Fallout Extreme, imperial remnants from Taiwan retook mainland China.